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      手機掃碼訪問

      新高考2022屆高考英語考前沖刺卷(三)

      2022-07-121 9.99元 21頁 73.11 KB
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      (新高考)2022屆高考英語考前沖刺卷(三)注意事項:1.答題前,先將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在試題卷和答題卡上,并將準考證號條形碼粘貼在答題卡上的指定位置。2.選擇題的作答:每小題選出答案后,用2B鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑,寫在試題卷、草稿紙和答題卡上的非答題區域均無效。3.非選擇題的作答:用簽字筆直接答在答題卡上對應的答題區域內。寫在試題卷、草稿紙和答題卡上的非答題區域均無效。4.考試結束后,請將本試題卷和答題卡一并上交。第Ⅰ卷(選擇題)第一部分閱讀(共兩節,滿分50分)第一節(共15小題;每小題2.5分,滿分37.5分)閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的四個選項(A、B、C和D)中選出最佳選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。ALooneyTunesCarnivalFreeLooneyTunesUmbrellaReceivealimitededitionLooneyTunesumbrellawithaminimumspendof$100(singleoraccumulatedsame-dayreceipts)atourparticipatingmalls(商場)fromnowtill27thMarch,2018.LooneyTunesMerchandiseFairMallCompassPointDate:12-27thMarchLocation(位置)21,POPULARBookstore,MainAtriumEastercelebrationatPOPULARBookstore!Shopperswhopurchase$15worthofWarnerBros.BooksandstationeryatPOPULARareentitledtoaFREEparticipationinanyoneofthefollowingactivitiesfrom25till27thMarch.SocometoCompassPointfast!ActivitiesinstoreforyouBugs’CreativeClass(1stsession:3pm&2ndsession:3:30pm)Twistandturnaballoonintoapieceofart!Sokids,getreadyforthetwist!Limitedto15childrenpersession.PaintaBunnyEasterEgg(1stsession:5pm&2ndsession:5:30pm)Easteristhetimetohaveextraordinaryfunwitheggs!Kids,getyourhandsreadytocreateworksofEasterartonaneggcanvas(帆布).Limitedto25childrenpersession.KidsSquadClubBecomeaKidsSquadmemberforjust$12foraone-yearmembership.Receiveagoodiebagworth$30.Enjoyquarterlynewsletters,birthdaytreatsandspecialdiscounts.Thefirst100newmemberswhosignupateachmallwillreceiveanadditional$5ShoppingVoucher.1.WhatwouldyouhavetodotogetafreeLooneyTunesumbrella?A.Spend$15atPOPULARBookstore.B.Showyoursame-dayreceiptsof$100.C.BecomeaKidsSquadmember.D.PaintaBunnyEasterEgg.2.IneachsessionhowmanychildrenatmostcouldattendBugs’CreativeClass?A.15.B.25.C.30.D.100.3.WhyisLooneyTunesCarnivalheld?A.Topromotesales.B.Tocelebratekids’birthdays.21,C.Toimprovekids’creativity.D.ToregistermembersforKidsClub.【答案】1-3BAA【解析】文章介紹了兔八哥狂歡節的一些優惠活動和贈品的詳情。1.細節推理題。根據“ReceivealimitededitionLooneyTunesumbrellawithaminimumspendof$100(singleoraccumulatedsame-dayreceipts)atourparticipatingmalls(商場)fromnowtill27thMarch,2018.”可知活動期間在參與的購物中心里,最少要花100美元(單或累積的當天收據)就可以收到限量版的LooneyTunes傘,故選B.2.細節推理題。根據Bugs’CreativeClass中“Limitedto15childrenpersession.”可知參加此項活動每屆限15名兒童,故選A.3.推理判斷題。根據文中“withaminimumspendof$100(singleoraccumulatedsame-dayreceipts)atourparticipatingmalls;Shopperswhopurchase$15worthofWarnerBros.和Thefirst100newmemberswhosignupateachmallwillreceiveanadditional$5ShoppingVoucher.”等信息可知消費后會得到一些優惠或贈品,目的是促銷。故選A.BMydoctortookmeforawalkaroundthefarmwhereshelives.Iwasphysicallyandemotionallyexhaustedanddiscouragedbyanxietyanddepression.Theplacewasfulloflife.Therewereinsects,horses,rabbitsandacat.Shetoldmetofocusonmybodyintheenvironment.WhenIwasillItendedtoretreatintomymindanddisconnectfromhereandnow.So,whenImetahorsenamedFira,Iexpectednothing.AsIgotclosertoFira,shenuzzled(用鼻子安撫)hernoseintomychest,puttingagentlepressureovermyheart.Somethinghappenedinsideme:IfeltasifIhadreachedawellspringofpasthurts,fearsandfailings.Ibegantomeltemotionally.IpattedFira’snoseandbreathedinhersmell.IfoundIdidn’thavetoconcentrateonfeelingbetter;Firahelpedmefeellovedandsafe.IworkedwithFiraoften,learningbasiccommunicationandleadingmethodstoworktogetherwithher.Initially,Iwasn’tsureexactlywhatonewoulddowithahorseexceptingridingit.ButIknewthatFirahadtouchedmeinanuncommonwayandhadmademefeelbetter.Sheconnectedwithmebyrespondingtomyemotionalstateandreflectingitbacktomeinanopen,affectionateway.InmymeetingswithFira,IfoundthatIlostmyusualself-consciousness,andIwouldfocus21,entirelyoncommunicating.Ilearnedtoliveinthepresent,tofocusonwhatwashappeningthisday,inthismoment,inthisplace.Ilearnedtoforgetthepast,withallitshurts.Ilearnedtoforgetthefuture,whichhasn’thappenedyet.Whenyoustandbesideahorse,youexistcompletelyinthemoment.WithFirabymyside,Isawintoalifeinwhichtrustcomesfirst,andcompassionfollows.Ifoundadeeppeaceinleadingheralongapath,byusingmyownpowerofintentiontoindicatewhethertostart,stop,turnleftorturnright.Ifeltaninnerquietandevenjoy.Myworkwiththishorsewaspartofajourneyoutofaverydarknightinmysoul.4.Whatdoweknowabouttheauthorfromthefirstparagraph?A.Shelovesanimalsverymuch.B.Shewenttoadoctorwithhighhopes.C.Shesufferedfrommentalillness.D.Sheoftenlostconsciousness.5.WhensheapproachedFirafurther,theauthor________.A.becamegratefulforherpastpainB.hadanemotionalbreakdownC.wascuriousaboutwhatwouldhappenD.feltdeeplytouched6.WhentheauthorandFiraworkedtogether,________.A.Firaacceptedtheauthor’semotionsandreactedpositivelyB.FirahelpedtheauthorfocusonherthoughtsC.theauthorrecalledherpasthurts,fearsandfailingsD.theauthorhadtotryhardtofeelbetter7.WhatdidtheauthorlearnduringhertimewithFira?A.Itisnecessarytoshowcompassiontoothers.B.Oneshouldn’tbeaffectedbyemotions.C.Oneshouldlearnlessonsfromthepast.D.Itisimportanttoliveinthemoment.【答案】4-7CDAD【解析】21,這是一篇記敘文。文章主要介紹了作者在患有精神疾病期間,她的醫生帶她去農場散步時,她與一匹叫Fira的馬相遇、相知以及到最后一起工作的過程,并在與這匹馬一塊工作時,作者得出了要活在當下的人生感悟。4.推理判斷題。由文章第一段第二句“lwasphysicallyandemotionallyexhaustedanddiscouragedbyanxietyanddepression.(焦慮和抑郁使我身心俱疲,灰心喪氣。)”可知,作者患的是精神方面的疾病。所以從第一段我們對作者的了解是她患有精神疾病。故選C項。5.細節理解題。由文章第二段“AsIgotclosertoFira,shenuzzledhernoseintomychest,puttingagentlepressureovermyheart.Somethinghappenedinsideme:lfeltasiflhadreachedawellspringofpasthurts,fearsandfailings.Ibegantomeltemotionally.(當我靠近Fira時,它用鼻子輕輕地按了一下我的胸口心臟。我的內心深處發生了—些事情:我覺得好像我已經達到了過去傷害,恐懼和失敗的源泉。情感上我開始融化。)”可知,作者被它的反應所感動,所以當作者進一步接觸Fira時,她被深深地感動了。故選D項。6.細節理解題。由文章第二段“IworkedwithFiraoften,learningbasiccommunicationandleadingmethodstoworktogetherwithher.Initially,Iwasn’tsureexactlywhatonewoulddowithahorseexceptingridingit.ButIknewthatFirahadtouchedmeinanuncommonwayandhadmademefeelbetter.Sheconnectedwithmebyrespondingtomyemotionalstateandreflectingitbacktomeinanopen,affectionateway.(我經常和Fira一起工作,與它一起工作時,學習基本的溝通和領導方法。一開始,我不知道除了騎馬以外,人們會對馬做什么。但我知道Fira以一種不同尋常的方式觸動了我,讓我感覺好多了。它通過回應我的情緒狀態并以一種開放的、充滿愛意的方式將它反饋給我與我聯系。)”可知,Fira會給作者反應,所以作者和Fira—塊工作時,Fira接受了作者的情緒,并做出了積極的反應。故選A項。7.推理判斷題。由文章第三段“Ilearnedtoliveinthepresent,tofocusonwhatwashappeningthisday,inthismoment,inthisplace.Ilearnedtoforgetthepast,withallitshurts.Ilearnedtoforgetthefuture,whichhasn’thappenedyet.Whenyoustandbesideahorse,youexistcompletelyinthemoment.(我學會了活在當下,關注在這一天、這一刻、這個地方發生的事情。我學會了忘記過去,忘記所有的傷痛。我學會了忘記還沒有發生的未來。當你站在馬的旁邊,你就完全存在于那一刻。)”可知,當作者和Fira在一起的時候她學到了活在當下是很重要的。故選D項。CWeallknowitisimportantforstudentstogetagoodnight’ssleepeverynight.Theyaren’tabletodotheirbestunlesstheysleepwell.Mostexpertsagreethatthepropernumberofhoursiseight,andthishasbeenacceptedascommonsenseforaslongasIcanremember.However,I21,wasyoungonceandIknowthatmostofyougetmuchlesssleepthanthat-andsometimesthisaffectsyourschoolwork.Ireadanarticleinateachers’magazinerecently.Theydidastudyof848studentsinaseniorschool.Worryingly,theresultssuggestedthatteenagersarefacinganewproblem.Theymaygotobedandgetupatpropertimesbutagrowingnumberwakeupinthemiddleofthenight,nottousethebathroomorhaveasnackbutbecauseofFOMO-thefearofmissingout!Accordingtothearticleschoolchildrensufferbecauseofanincreasingtrendtowakeupduringthenighttochecksocialmedia.Afraidofmissingamessageorchancetotakepartinadiscussion,teenswakeupatalltimesofthenighttogoonlineandjoinupwithsocialgroups.Allthishappenswhentheyshouldbesoundasleep.Thereportgivessomeworryingnumbers.23%of12-to15-year-oldswakeupnearlyeverynighttousesocialmedia.Another15%wakeupatnightonceaweekforthesamereason.Asaresult,oneinthreestudentsareconstantlyexhaustedandunabletodowellatschool.So,I’dliketoaskyoutoberesponsiblewhenitcomestosocialmedia.Bebraveandturnoffyourphonesandcomputersatnight.Theworldwon’tendandyoursocialmediawillbewaitingtogreetyouinthemorning.Igiveyoumywordthatyouwon’thavemissedanythingimportant.8.Whatisthenewtrendamongteenagers?A.Theygetuptooearlyinthemorning.B.Theywakeupatmidnighttogoonline.C.Theywakeupatnighttogetsomethingtoeat.D.Theyhavedifficultyinfallingasleepagainatnight.9.Accordingtothepassage,whatisFOMO?A.Afearofgoingonline.B.Aneedtogooutallthetime.C.Afearoflosingtouchonsocialmedia.D.Aneedtousethelatesttechnology.10.WhichofthefollowingbestexplainstheunderlinedwordinParagraph4?A.disappointed.B.surprised.C.confused.D.tired.11.What’stheauthor’attitudetowardsthistrend?A.Uninterested.B.Supportive.C.Concerned.D.Doubtful.21,【答案】8-11BCDC【解析】這是一篇說明文。文章主要講述中學生因半夜醒來檢查社交媒體而影響睡眠的現象。8.細節理解題。由第三段中的“schoolchildrensufferbecauseofanincreasingtrendtowakeupduringthenighttochecksocialmedia.(由于半夜醒來檢查社交媒體增長的趨勢使學生們也受影響。)”可知,這個新趨勢是指青少年半夜醒來上網使用社交媒體。故選B項。9.細節理解題。根據第三段“Afraidofmissingamessageorchancetotakepartinadiscussion,teenswakeupatalltimesofthenighttogoonlineandjoinupwithsocialgroups.(害怕錯過消息或加入討論的機會,青少年整晚醒著上網,加入社會小組。)”可知,FOMO指害怕錯過社交媒體消息或錯失參與網上討論的機會,即害怕在社交媒體上失去聯系,故選C項。10.詞義猜測題。根據第四段“Thereportgivessomeworryingnumbers.23%of12-to15-year-oldswakeupnearlyeverynighttousesocialmedia.Another15%wakeupatnightonceaweekforthesamereason.(報告給出了一些令人擔心的數字。23%的12歲到15歲的學生幾乎每晚都醒來使用社交媒體。另外15%的學生因為同樣的原因,在晚上,一周醒一次。)”可知,學生們在該睡覺的時間上網,影響了學生的睡覺時間??赏茰y學生會感到累。故exhausted意為“疲憊的,累的”,故選D項。11.觀點態度題。第二段“Worryingly,theresultssuggestedthatteenagersarefacinganewproblem.(令人擔心的是,這些結果暗示青少年正面臨一個新問題。)”表達作者對青少年的擔心。及第四段“Thereportgivessomeworryingnumbers.(報告給出了一些令人擔心的數字。)”可知,作者對于青少年半夜醒來使用社交媒體這個趨勢感到擔心,故選C項。DTheflightofbutterflieshassofarbeensomewhatofasecrettoresearchers,giventheirunusuallylargeandbroadwingstotheirbodysize.NowresearchersatLundUniversityinSwedenhavestudiedtheaerodynamics(空氣動力)ofbutterfliesinthewindtunnel(風洞).Theresultssuggestthatbutterfliesuseahighlyhelpfulclaptechnique,thereforemakinguseoftheiruniquewings.Thishelpsthemrapidlytakeoffwhenescapingnaturalenemies.Theresearchersstudiedthewingbeatsoffreelyflyingbutterfliesduringtakeoffinthewindtunnel.Duringtheupwardprocess,thewingscup,creatinganair-filledpocketbetweenthem.Whenthewingsstrikeeachother,theairisforcedout,resultinginabackwardstrongstreamofairthatpushesthebutterfliesforward.Thedownwardwingbeathasanotherfunction:thebutterfliesstayintheairanddonotfalltotheground.Thewings’strikingwasdescribedbyresearchersalmost50yearsago,butitisonlyinthis21,studythatthetheoryhasbeentestedonrealbutterfliesinfreeflight.Untilnow,ithasbeengenerallybelievedthatbutterflywingsareaerodynamicallyinefficient.However,theresearcherssuggestthattheoppositeisactuallytrue.“Thatthewingsarecuppedwhenbutterfliesclapthemtogether,makesthewingclapmuchmoreeffective.Itisanelegantmechanismthatisfarmoreadvancedthanweimagined,anditisfascinating,”saysbiologyresearcherPerHenningsson,whostudiedthebutterflies’aerodynamics.“Theresultsofthestudycouldhelpinspireimprovedperformanceandflighttechnologyinsmallunmannedaircraft,”hecontinues.Inadditiontostudyingthebutterflies,theresearchersdesignedmechanicalwingsthataremodeledonrealones.Theshapeandflexibilityofthemechanicalwingsastheyarecuppedandfoldedconfirmtheefficiency.Theirmeasurementsshowthatthepushingforcecreatedbytheflexiblewingsis22percenthigherandtheefficiency28percentbettercomparedtoifthewingshadbeenrigid.12.Whatdoestheresearchers’studyfocuson?A.Thebutterfly’sbodysize.B.Thebutterfly’sflyingprinciple.C.Thebutterfly’sescapetechnique.D.Thebutterfly’sfrequencyofwingbeats.13.Forwhatpurposedobutterflywingsstrike?A.Toemptytheairpocketforforwardforce.B.Toreleasetheiradditionalenergy.C.Tocirclesteadilyintheair.D.Toformanairpocket.14.Whywerethemechanicalwingsmade?A.Theymightdrawpublicattention.B.Theycouldbeusedtotestthefindings.C.They’dshowresultsinlinewithpopularbelief.D.Theyhelpedavoidexperimentingonlivebutterflies.15.Whichofthefollowingcanbethebesttitleforthetext?A.NewDiscoveriesAreMadeBasedonAerodynamics21,B.FlexibleWingsBoostPlaneMakingIndustryC.ButterflyWingClapExplainsSecretofFlightD.ButterflyAdaptsItselftotheWildSurvival【答案】12-15BABC【解析】本文是一篇科技文。文章主要通過研究解答了蝴蝶拍翅說明飛行的秘密。12.細節理解題。根據第一段“Theflightofbutterflieshassofarbeensomewhatofasecrettoresearchers,giventheirunusuallylargeandbroadwingstotheirbodysize.NowresearchersatLundUniversityinSwedenhavestudiedtheaerodynamics(空氣動力)ofbutterfliesinthewindtunnel(風洞).”(到目前為止,蝴蝶的飛行對研究人員來說還是一個秘密,因為它們的翅膀相對于它們的體型來說是非常大和寬闊的?,F在,瑞典隆德大學的研究人員已經研究了蝴蝶在風洞中的空氣動力學。)可知,研究人員的研究重點是蝴蝶的飛行原理。故選B項。13.細節理解題。根據第二段“Whenthewingsstrikeeachother,theairisforcedout,resultinginabackwardstrongstreamofairthatpushesthebutterfliesforward.(當蝴蝶的翅膀相互撞擊時,空氣被擠出,產生一股強大的向后氣流,推動蝴蝶前進。)”可知,蝴蝶翅膀撞擊的目的是清空氣穴以獲得前進的力量。故選A項。14.推理判斷題。根據最后一段“mechanicalwingsthataremodeledonrealones.Theshapeandflexibilityofthemechanicalwingsastheyarecuppedandfoldedconfirmtheefficiency.Theirmeasurementsshowthatthepushingforcecreatedbytheflexiblewingsis22percenthigherandtheefficiency28percentbettercomparedtoifthewingshadbeenrigid.(除了研究蝴蝶,研究人員還模仿真實的蝴蝶設計了機械翅膀。機械機翼的形狀和靈活性,因為他們是杯狀和折疊確認效率。他們的測量結果顯示,與剛性機翼相比,柔性機翼產生的推力提高了22%,效率提高了28%。)”可推斷,制造機械機翼可以用來測試這些發現。故選B項。15.主旨大意題。根據第一段“Theflightofbutterflieshassofarbeensomewhatofasecrettoresearchers,giventheirunusuallylargeandbroadwingstotheirbodysize.(到目前為止,蝴蝶的飛行對研究人員來說還是一個秘密,因為它們的翅膀相對于它們的體型來說是非常大和寬闊的。)”及全文可知,本文主要是解答蝴蝶拍翅說明飛行的秘密。故選C項。第二節(共5小題;每小題2.5分,滿分12.5分)閱讀下面短文,從短文后的選項中選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。AGermanuniversityisoffering“idleness”moneytoapplicantswhoareseriouslycommitted21,todoingnothing.___16___Theapplicantscouldsubmittheirwordsofself-recommendationuntil15Septemberandwouldhavetoprovethattheirchosenareaof“activeinactivity(不活動)”wasparticularlyimpressiveorrelevant.___17___:“Whatdon'tyouwanttodo?Forhowlongdon’tyouwanttodoit?Whyisitimportantnottodothisthinginparticular?Whyareyoutherightpersonnottodoit?”“Doingnothingisn’tveryeasy,”saidFriedrichvonBorries,whocameupwiththeprogram.“Wewanttofocusonactiveinactivity.Forinstance,ifyousayyouarenotgoingtomoveforaweek,thenthat’simpressive.___18___“Theideabehindtheprojectarosefromadiscussionabouttheseemingcontradictionofasocietythatpromotessustainabledevelopmentwhilevaluingsuccess,”vonBorriessaid.“Thisprogramisnotajokebutanexperimentwithseriousintentions-___19___”AllapplicationswillformpartofanexhibitionnamedTheSchoolofInconsequentiality:TowardsABetterLife,openingattheHamburguniversityinNovember.___20___:“Whatcanyourefrain(克制)fromsothatyourlifehasfewernegativeconsequencesonthelivesofothers?”A.howcanyouturnasocietythatisstructuredaroundachievementsandaccomplishmentsonitshead?B.TheUniversityofFineArtsinHamburgdecidedtogivethree€1,600scholarshipplacestoapplicantsfromacrossGermany.C.Ifyouproposeyouarenotgoingtomoveorthink,thatmightbeevenbetter.D.Theapplicationformconsistedofonlyfourquestions.E.Imaginewhatcomesintoyourmindstraight.F.ThethemeoftheexhibitionisG.MoneyforDoingNothing【答案】16-20BDCAF【解析】這是一篇說明文。文章主要介紹德國大學為“不作為”的申請人提供獎學金以及這項活動的目的。16.下文“Theapplicantscouldsubmittheirwordsofself-recommendationuntil15Septemberandwouldhavetoprovethattheirchosenareaof“activeinactivity(不活動)”wasparticularlyimpressiveorrelevant.(申請人可以在9月1521,日之前自薦,并必須證明他們所選擇的特別令人印象深刻或相關的不活動區域。)”具體說明對申請人的要求。B項中的“applicantsfromacrossGermany”與下文一致,提到為申請人發放獎學金,故選B項。17.下文“Whatdon’tyouwanttodo?Forhowlongdon’tyouwanttodoit?Whyisitimportantnottodothisthinginparticular?Whyareyoutherightpersonnottodoit?(你不想做什么?你不想做這件事有多久了?為什么不做這件事是尤為重要的?為什么你是不做這件事的人?)”提出四個問題。D項中“onlyfourquestions”與下文一致,故選D項。18.上文“Forinstance,ifyousayyouarenotgoingtomoveforaweek,thenthat’simpressive.(例如,如果你說你打算一周不動,那就太令人印象深刻了)”列舉了不活動的例子。C項中的“move”與上文中的move一致,而且句式一致,都是在舉例,故選C項。19.上文“Thisprogramisnotajokebutanexperimentwithseriousintentions-(這個項目并不是一個玩笑,而是一個有嚴肅意圖的實驗)”引出后文提出的該項目的意圖。A項“howcanyouturnasocietythatisstructuredaroundachievementsandaccomplishmentsonitshead?(你如何改變一個由成就和成績構成的社會呢?)”具體說出這項活動的目的意圖,故選A項。20.上文“anexhibitionnamedTheSchoolofInconsequentiality”提到了一個展覽,再結合下文“Whatcanyourefrain(克制)fromsothatyourlifehasfewernegativeconsequencesonthelivesofothers?(我可以避免什么,這樣我的生活對他人生活的負面影響會更少?)”可知,此處承接上文,介紹展覽的主旨,與F項的theexhibition與上文中的anexhibition相對應,故選F項。第二部分英語知識運用(共兩節,滿分30分)第一節完形填空(共15小題;每小題1分,滿分15分)閱讀下面短文,從每題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。My14-year-oldson,John,andIspottedthecoatatthesametimeatasecond-handclothingstore.Ithadablackvelvet(絲絨)collar,delightfultailoring,aFifthAvenuelabelanda(an)___21___priceofmerely$28.Welookedateachother,sayingnothing,butJohn’seyes___22___.Dark,woolentopcoatswerepopularjustthenwithteenagers,butcouldcostseveralhundreddollarsnow.Johnputthecoatonand___23___it.Heturnedfromsidetoside,___24___himselfinthemirrorwithaserious,studied___25___thatsoonchangedintoasmile.It’saperfect___26___.Johnworethecoattoschoolthenextdayandcamehomewearingabigsmile.“Howdidthekidslikeyourcoat?”Iasked.“Theyloveit.”Hesaid,carefully___27___itonthechair21,andsmoothingitflat.Overthenextfewweeks,the___28___cameoverJohn.Quiet,reasoneddiscussion___29___argument.Hebecamemorethoughtfulandeagerto___30___.“Gooddinner,Mum,”hewouldsayeveryevening.OnedaywhenI___31___thathestartonhomeworkbeforedinner,Johnsaid,“Youareright,andIguessIwill.”WhenIaskedoneofhisteachers___32___causedthechanges,shesaidwithlaughter,“Itmustbehiscoat!”JohnandIbothknowweshouldnever___33___aperson’sclothesfortherealpersonwithinthem.Butitismeaningfulto___34___astandardofexcellencefortheworldtosee,topracticeastandardofexcellenceinthought,speechandbehavior,andto___35___whatisontheinsidewithwhatisontheoutside.21.A.specialB.reasonableC.unbelievableD.cheap22.A.closedB.shoneC.openedD.lowered23.A.buttonedB.touchedC.heldD.obtained24.A.feelingB.lookingC.glancingD.eyeing25.A.gestureB.expressionC.attitudeD.feeling26.A.colourB.priceC.fitD.fashion27.A.pressingB.takingC.throwingD.folding28.A.happinessB.satisfactionC.changeD.generosity29.A.madeB.replacedC.tookD.transformed30.A.pleaseB.complainC.admireD.apologize31.A.insistedB.suggestedC.askedD.commanded32.A.whatB.whenC.thatD.how33.A.watchB.judgeC.mistakeD.consider34.A.doB.wearC.speakD.show35.A.compareB.fillC.mixD.match【答案】21-25CBADB26-30CDCBA31-35BACBD【解析】這是一篇記敘文。本文介紹作者的兒子因為穿了優雅的外套,言行舉止都發生了變化,說明我們的內在要和穿的衣服匹配,年輕人要選擇正確的人生方向。21.考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:黑色天鵝絨領口,賞心悅目的剪裁,有第五大道的商標,令人難以置信的價格只有28美元。A.special特別的;B.reasonable合理的;C.unbelievable難以置信的;D.cheap21,便宜的。根據“priceofmerely$28”可知,價格低的令人難以置信。故選C。22.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:我們面面相覷,什么也沒說,但約翰的眼睛卻亮了起來。A.closed關閉;B.shone發光;C.opened打開;D.lowered降低。根據“priceofmerely$28”可知,現在的28美元的價格是令人難以置信的。根據“but”及下文“Dark,woolentopcoatswerepopularjustthenwithteenagers.”可知,約翰喜歡這件衣服所以眼睛閃著光。故選B。23.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:約翰穿上外衣,扣上扣子。A.buttoned扣……的紐扣;B.touched觸摸;C.held保持,持有;D.obtained獲得。根據“Johnputthecoaton”可知,此處表示穿上外套并且扣上扣子。故選A。24.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:他在鏡子里轉來轉去,用一種嚴肅的、專注的表情打量著自己,不久就變成了微笑。A.feeling感覺;B.looking看;C.glancing瞥一眼;D.eyeing注視。根據“himselfinthemirror”可知,他注視著鏡子里的自己。故選D。25.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意同上。A.gesture手勢;B.expression表情;C.attitude態度;D.feeling感覺,感情。根據前文“withaserious”及“thatsoonchangedintoasmile.”可知,是表情發生了變化。故選B。26.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:它非常合適。A.colour顏色;B.price價格;C.fit合適;D.fashion時尚。根據“thatsoonchangedintoasmile.”和“perfect”可知,此處表示衣服非常合身。故選C。27.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:他說著,在椅子上小心地把衣服疊起來,并把它展平。A.pressing擠,壓;B.taking拿走;C.throwing投擲,扔;D.folding折疊。根據“onthechairandsmoothingitflat.”可知,此處表示把衣服疊好放在椅子上。故選D。28.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:在接下來的幾個星期里,約翰發生了變化。A.happiness幸福,快樂;B.satisfaction滿足;C.change變化;D.generosity慷慨,大方。根據“Hebecamemorethoughtfulandeagerto____30____.”可知,John發生了變化。故選C。29.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:安靜、理性的討論取代了爭論。A.made制作;B.replaced取代,代替;C.took拿走;D.transformed轉換,轉化。根據下句“Hebecamemorethoughtfulandeagerto___30___.”可知,安靜、理性的討論取代了爭論。故選B。30.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:他變得更體貼,也更想討好別人。A.please使高興;B.complain抱怨;C.admire傾佩;D.apologize道歉。根據““Gooddinner,Mum,”hewouldsayeveryevening.”可知,please與and前內容語境相符。故選A。31.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:有一天當我建議他在晚飯前開始做作業時,約翰說:“你是對的,我想我會做的。”A.insisted堅持;B.suggested建議;C.asked問;D.commanded命令,指揮。根據“that21,hestartonhomeworkbeforedinner,”可知,此處表示作者提出的建議。故選B。32.考查賓語從句。句意:當我問他的一位老師是什么導致了這種變化時,她笑著說:“一定是他的外套!”空處引導賓語從句,從句缺少主語,指事物,用what引導。故選A。33.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:約翰和我都知道我們不應該把一個人的衣服和他的內在混為一談。A.watch觀看;B.judge評判;C.mistake誤會,誤解;D.consider考慮。mistake...for…把……錯當成……,固定搭配。根據“aperson’sclothesfortherealpersonwithinthem”可知這里意思是約翰和我都知道我們不應該把一個人的衣服和他的內在混為一談。故選C。34.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:但是,為世人樹立優秀的標準,在思想、語言和行為上踐行優秀的標準,使內外接軌,這也很有意義。A.do做;B.wear穿著;C.speak說話;D.show展示。由上下文語境可知,作者討論的是穿著問題,故用wear。故選B。35.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意同上。A.compare比較;B.fill填滿,滿足;C.mix混合;D.match匹配。match...with...和……匹配……,固定搭配。根據“whatisontheinsidewithwhatisontheoutside.”可知這里意思是使內外匹配,這很有意義。故選D。第Ⅱ卷(非選擇題)第二部分英語知識運用第二節(共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。Theworld’soceansreachedtheirhottestlevelinrecordedhistorylastyear,supercharging(加劇)extremeweatherevents,scientistshavereported.Theyfoundthatthefivehottestrecordedyearsintheoceans___36___(occur)since2015,andthattherateofheatingsince1986waseighttimeshigherthan___37___from1960-85.Oceanscover71%oftheplanetandwatercanabsorbthousandsoftimesmoreheatthanair,___38___iswhy93%ofglobalheatingistakenupbyseas.Hotteroceansdestroyrainfallpatterns,which___39___(lead)tofloods,droughtsandwildfires.Heatalsocausesseawater___40___(expand)anddrivesupsealevels.Scientistsexpectabout1metreofsealevelrisebytheendofthecentury,___41___(threaten)150millionpeople.Highertemperaturesintheseasarealsoharmingmarine(海洋的)life,with___42___numberofoceanheatwavesincreasing___43___(sharp).21,Thestudyalsofindsthatthesinkingofsurfacewatersandupwellingofdeeperwaterisreducingastheseasheatup.Thismeansthesurfacelayersheatsupevenfurtherandfewernutrientsformarinelifearebroughtupfromthe___44___(deep).“Theoceansreachedyetanothernewrecordlevelofwarmthin2020,___45___arecorddropinglobalcarbonemissions(排放).Theplanetwillcontinuetowarmupaslongasweemitcarbonintotheatmosphere,”saidProfMichaelMannofPennStateUniversity.【答案】36.hadoccurred37.that38.which39.leads40.toexpand41.threatening42.the43.sharply44.depths45.despite【解析】這是一篇說明文??茖W家發現,去年海洋水溫達到有史以來最熱的水平,加劇了極端天氣事件。36.考查動詞時態。根據從句的時間狀語since2015可知,從句謂語應使用完成時態。因為主句的謂語動詞found為過去時,根據主從句時態一致的原則,故答案為hadoccurred。37.考查代詞。that出現在比較結構中,代替前面的名詞therate。38.考查定語從句。這是一個非限制性定語從句,which引導的定語從句修飾前面的整個主句。39.考查謂語動詞。從上下文可以看出,lead應使用一般現在時態。從句主語which代替的是主句Hotteroceansdestroyrainfallpatterns的內容,所以選用單數形式。40.考查非謂語動詞。根據句子中cause的用法causesb.todosth.可以判斷出,此處應采用不定式形式。41.考查非謂語動詞??茖W家推斷about1metreofsealevelrisebytheendofthecentury會威脅到1.5億人的安全,這里是現在分詞作狀語。42.考查冠詞。thenumberof21,指的是……的數量。隨著海洋熱浪的增加,海洋溫度的升高也對海洋生物造成危害。43.考查副詞。sharply修飾前面的動詞increasing。44.考查名詞。通過分析句子成分可知,這里應選用名詞形式。depths指的是深處,與前面的thesurfacelayers相對應。45.考查介詞。根據句意,盡管全球碳排放量創紀錄地下降,但海洋在2020年達到了又一個創紀錄的暖化水平。前后文之間為讓步關系,所以填介詞despite。第三部分寫作(共兩節,滿分40分)第一節應用文寫作(滿分15分)假如你是紅星中學高三(1)班學生李華。你的英國筆友Jim對中國的數字化生活很感興趣,來信詢問相關情況。請你給他回郵件,內容包括:1.介紹你身邊的數字化生活;2.闡述你的看法;3.詢問對方情況。注意:1.詞數80左右;2.開頭和結尾已給出,不計入總詞數。DearJim,____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Yours,LiHua【答案】Possibleversion1:DearJim,Gladtoknowyou’reinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomething21,aboutitaroundme.Totellyouthetruth,Ican’thelpfeelingamazedatthegreatchangesthatdigitallifehasbroughttous.Withasmartphoneinhand,Icandoalmostanything.Justnameafewonthelist–learningonline,gettingmedicalserviceontheInternetandshoppingwithaclick.IcaneventravelacrossChinawithouttakingcash!Asayoungstudent,Isurelyenjoylivinginsuchadigitalworld.Itgivesmeeasyaccesstoabundantresources,newsandlearningmaterialsalike.IfonlyIwish,itoffersthechancetobettermyself,physicallyormentally.However,thedigitallifealsohasitsdownsides.ManyelderlyChinesefeelleftbehind,includingmygrandparents.SoIoftentrytohelpthemkeepup.Howaboutthedigitallifeinyourcountry?Lookingforwardtoyourreply.Yours,LiHuaPossibleversion2:DearJim,LearningthatyouareinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomethingaboutitaroundme.Youknow,theadvanceddigitaltechnologyhaschangedourlifestylefundamentally.Tome,Icanalmostpayeverythingviaamobilephone,suchastransportation,foodandentertainment.Mycityhasupgradedservices,andwecanpaybillsonline,includingelectricity,gas,waterandheating.Wecanalsoenjoyreadingfrome-libraries,visitingvirtualmuseumsandevengetmedicalservicesonline.Ifeelthedigitallifehasbroughtgreatconveniencetousandimprovedourlifeandworkinawaybeyondimagination.IfonlyIwish,Icanaccessabundantresourcesandbettermyselfacademicallyandphysically.However,itdoeshaveitsdownside.Thebiggestoneistheriskofprivacyanddataleak,whichdeservesbettercoping.Anotheristhatmanyelderlygetleftbehind.Ifeeltheyounghaveadutytohelpthemkeepup.Howaboutthedigitallifeinyourcountry?Lookingforwardtoyourreplyandyourcomingtoexploreourdigitalworldoneday.Yours,21,LiHua【解析】本篇書面表達屬于應用文,要求考生給英國筆友Jim寫封郵件,向他介紹中國的數字化生活。第一步:審題體裁:應用文時態:根據提示,時態主要為一般現在時。結構:總分法總分法指把主題句作為總說,把支持句作為分說,并以這種方式安排所寫內容。要求:1.介紹你身邊的數字化生活;2.闡述你的看法;3.詢問對方情況。第二步:列提綱(重點詞組)beinterestedin;wouldliketo;Totellsb.thetruth;can’thelpdoing;enjoydoing;accessto;leavebehind;tryto;keepup;howabout;lookforwardto第三步:連詞成句1.Gladtoknowyou’reinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomethingaboutitaroundme.2.Totellyouthetruth,Ican’thelpfeelingamazedatthegreatchangesthatdigitallifehasbroughttous.3.Asayoungstudent,Isurelyenjoylivinginsuchadigitalworld.4.ManyelderlyChinesefeelleftbehind,includingmygrandparents.5.SoIoftentrytohelpthemkeepup.6.Howaboutthedigitallifeinyourcountry?7.Lookingforwardtoyourreply.根據提示及關鍵詞(組)進行遣詞造句,注意主謂一致和時態問題。第四步:連句成篇(銜接詞)(供參考)1.表文章結構順序:Firstofall,Firstly/First,Secondly/Second…Andthen,Finally,Intheend,Atlast2.表并列補充關系:Whatismore,Besides,Moreover,Furthermore,InadditionAswellas,notonly…but(also),including,21,3.表轉折對比關系:However,Onthecontrary,but,Although+clause(從句),Inspiteof+n/doing,Ontheonehand…,Ontheotherhand…Some…,whileothers…,asfor,so…that…4.表因果關系:Because,As,So,Thus,Therefore,Asaresult連句成文,注意使用恰當的連詞進行句子之間的銜接與過渡,書寫一定要規范清晰。[高分句型1]Gladtoknowyou’reinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomethingaboutitaroundme.這句話運用了省連接詞that的賓語從句。[高分句型2]IfonlyIwish,itoffersthechancetobettermyself,physicallyormentally.這句話運用了不定式第二節(滿分25分)閱讀下面材料,根據其內容和所給段落開頭語續寫兩段,使之構成一篇完整的短文。ThestoryofmynewfamilymemberWefoundalonelydogafewweeksago,walkingalongtheroadinthecountryside.Allofasudden,hewasjumpingoncars,andatthesametimewethoughtmaybehisfamilywascampingsomewhereintheneighboringareas.Asaconsequencewepassedhimbywithouthesitation.Afewhourslater,onourreturntrip,hewasstillinthesameplace,againandagain,makinganattempttogetpeopletostopforhim.Whenhecaughtsightofusapproaching,helaydowninthemiddleoftheroad,sowefailedtogetaroundhim.Myfatherbrakedhard,pulledupandlookedaroundforafewminutes,tryingtofigureoutwhetheranyonearoundfromwhomhehadbeenseparated.Aftergettingoffthecar,wecheckedthedogcarefully.Itdidn’tappearso.Thenwetookagoodlookatthepoorbutcutedog.Hegazedatuseagerlywithgloomyeyes.Wecircledaroundhiminatotalsilence.Wehadanoverwhelmingdesiretofindoutwhatwaswrongwithhim.Unfortunately,wecouldn’tfindanyclues.Hehadnocollarandhewasreallytoothin.Eventuallywedecidedthathehadbeenabandoned.Weshowedgreatsympathyforthepoordog.Howhelplesshewasonsuchanoccasion!Hewashomelessandhehadnoonetorelyon.Onseeingthescene,wecouldn’thelpbeggingmyparentstoraisehim.Mymotheragreedexcitedly,“Ilovethislovelydog.Howpoorheis!Itishightimethatweshouldbringhimhome.”Shestaredatthedogwithtearswellingupinhereyes.Weknewmymotherwaswilling21,toadoptthedogbecauseshewassosweetandsheloveddogsverymuch.Myfatherthoughtitwasdangeroustoraiseadogduetothefactthatweweretooyoung.注意:1.續寫詞數應為150左右;2.請按如下格式在答題卡的相應位置作答。Myfathersaidfirmly,“Ifhedoesn’tbitemewhenItrytopickhimuptoputhiminthecar,thenwehaveanewdog.”______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Wetookhimtothevet(獸醫),whosaidthedogappearedtobeingoodhealth.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【答案】Onepossibleversion:Myfathersaidfirmly,“Ifhedoesn’tbitemewhenItrytopickhimuptoputhiminthecar,thenwehaveanewdog.”Thedoghappilyjoineduswithnofightatall,theonlythingwewereindangerofwasgettinglicked.Hekeptstickinghisheadbetweenthetwofrontseatsandthankedusforpickinghimup.Thedoghadclearlybeenontheroadforsometime,hewasreallytoothin.Sowefedhimalotoverthecourseofthenexttwoweeksstrivingtolookafterhimwiththehopethathewouldgetstronger.Unfortunately,alloureffortswereinvain.Hewasstillverythin.Wetookhimtothevet,whosaidthedogappearedtobeingoodhealth.Thevetguessedthedogwasabouttwoyearsold.Hegavethedogalltherequiredshotsandsentusonourway.“Amazing!Thedogishealthy.”Mymothersaidinanexcitedvoice.Sothrilledwerewethatweheadedhome21,immediately.Wedidloveournewfamilymember.Thedogwasasweetcompaniontoourfamily,whowasaquicklearnerandknewhowtorespondtodifferentinstructions.Welearnedalessonfromtheexperiencethatkindnessandsympathymadeabigdifferencetoourlife.【解析】本文以作者家收養的一條流浪狗為線索展開,講述了作者一家在鄉間的路上,一條看上去很瘦弱的流浪狗不斷地阻攔過往的車輛,試圖找到家人,作者一家最終確定這是一條被遺棄的狗后,打算收養它。1.段落續寫:①由第一段首句內容“我父親堅定地說:‘如果我把它抱起來放進車里時它不咬我,那么我們就有一只新狗。’”可知,第一段可描寫作者一家收養這條流浪狗的過程。②由第二段首句內容“我們帶他去看獸醫,他說這只狗看起來健康狀況良好。”可知,第二段可描寫作者一家很高興收養了一條健康的狗,然后快樂地回家了。2.續寫線索:狗狗沒有反抗——照顧——狗狗還很瘦——看獸醫——健康——回家——感悟3.詞匯激活(一個詞匯要寫出相近的表達)行為類①照顧:lookafter/takecareof/attend②回家:gobackhome/returnhome情緒類興奮:happy/excited/thrilled[高分句型1]Sothrilledwerewethatweheadedhomeimmediately.(使用倒裝句型)[高分句型2]Thedogwasasweetcompaniontoourfamily,whowasaquicklearnerandknewhowtorespondtodifferentinstructions.(由關系代詞who引導非限制性定語從句)[高分句型3]Welearnedalessonfromtheexperiencethatkindnessandsympathymadeabigdifferencetoourlife.(that引導的同位語從句)21
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